Hemp is used to manufacture clothing such as jeans and sport clothing, lingerie and other high fashion apparel. It is easily available and readily cultivable. China, the world’s leading producer of hemp fabric, uses chemical methods for processing hemp, while producers in Europe have begun using cleaner biologically-based enzyme technology. Sailors relied upon hemp cordage for strength to hold their ships and sails, and the coarseness of the fiber made hemp useful for canvas, sailcloth, sacks, rope, and paper. The first recorded use of hemp dates back to around 8000 BC where hemp rope was found in a piece of pottery in an ancient village site that’s now modern-day Taiwan. Products made from Hemp will outlast their competition by many years. Durable, sustainable textiles is one of the many Uses of Hemp, and Thailand is setting its sights on the global hemp fibre market. The World & Hemp. On the other hand, hemp stalks consist of 25% bast, or long fiber and 75% core fiber. The Dutch word for hemp is ‘hennep’. For examples, Manila hemp (abaca) is Musa textilis Née, sisal hemp is Agave sisalina Perrine, and sunn hemp is Crotolaria juncea L. Especially confusing is the phrase “Indian hemp,” which has been used both for narcotic Asian land races of C. sativa (so-called C. indica Lamarck of India) and Apocynum cannabinum L., which was used by North American Indians as a fiber plant. This is because it offers the strongest and longest natural fiber known to mankind. Blocks modular furniture by OMA for Lensvelt. A Little Bit of Hemp Fiber History In Western and Eastern Europe as well as the Orient, hemp fibers have been used to strengthen composite products, and in other building materials for many construction and manufacturing applications. They added that it also doesn't require pesticides or harmful chemicals to grow, and is free of microplastics, and absorbs more carbon dioxide produces more oxygen than other commercial crops and plants. Industrial Hemp. The core of both kenaf and hemp are also one of the most absorbent materials on the planet. Hemp seeds are also often cold-pressed (as hemp seed oil) and used as in skin care products, acting as a natural moisturiser. Hemp fibre is 100% biodegradable and compostable, encouraging an environmentally friendly and sustainable approach to growing. Its stalk can be converted to fiber for rope, textiles, paper and construction materials. Hemp fibre: Textiles Historically hemp was predominantly used as an industrial fibre due to its strength for sails, rope and paper. ATRA's hemp covering is available in a range of colour options, white, black, olive green, forest green, navy blue and brown. Hemp has frequently been called “the plant with 1000 uses” and it’s easy to see why. Dezeen Daily is sent every day and contains all the latest stories from Dezeen. We will only use your email address to send you the newsletters you have requested. It is cheaper than most textiles that are obtained organically and way more ecologically sustainable than … While its … Layout sofa by Numen/For Use for Prostoria, Visit our comments page | Read our comments policy, ATRA uses hemp fibre and recycled materials for Nerthus-Sofa furniture collection, Yusuke Seki used the fibre to create sculptural pieces. Probably the most widespread plant having psychedelic properties and used in cults is Indian hemp, Flax, hemp, jute, and kenaf are characterized by a high proportion of long, flexible bast fibres that are readily separated and purified from the other materials in the plant. Hemp being one of the strongest natural fibres on earth provides the strength of a synthetic fibre. For thousands of years, hemp fiber has been used for many industrial applications. Hemp is a bast fibre plant similar to Flax, Kenaf, Jute, and Ramie derived from the stalk of plants. Plants grown for oilseed are planted farther apart and are shorter and many-branched. Hemp has grown in popularity as designers and architects search for more sustainable materials to use in their designs. Strips of white hemp fabric, a fibre produced from a strain of cannabis, wrap around the frame to form a supportive base. CBD Made From Hemp Production of aligned fiber assemblies can also be done at laboratory scale by combing the fibers in water, stretching them and air-drying them. Nerthus-Sofa collection comprises lounges, chairs and ottomans made from individual pieces that can be slotted together to create a large singular unit. Uses of Hemp fiber . Fibres are obtained by subjecting the stalks to a series of operations—including retting, drying, and crushing—and a shaking process that completes separation from the woody portion, releasing the long, fairly straight fibre, or line. There are over 50,000 uses for industrial hemp and we are happy to present you with one more. Pollen-producing flowers form many-branched clusters on staminate, or male, plants. Hemp Textile Uses 1. Crops cultivated for fibre are densely sowed and produce plants averaging 2–3 metres (6–10 feet) tall with almost no branching. Hemp uses. It is strong and durable and is used for cordage—e.g., twine, yarn, rope, cable, and string—and for artificial sponges and such coarse fabrics as sacking (burlap) and canvas. Hemp is sometimes confused with the cannabis plants that serve as sources of the drug marijuana and the drug preparation hashish. Hemp uses makes clothing last longer. Fabrics made from line fibre can have a texture similar to linen; very different to the feel of wearing something akin to a hessian sack that some people may have experienced with hemp clothing Tatham Ltd is a manufacturing and electrical engineering company based in Bradford, West Yorkshire. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Hash Marihuana and Hemp Museum - Cannabis Sativa, hemp - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Tatham manufactures hemp decorticating and cleaning machinery to provide clean hemp fibre and shiv suitable for onward processing. Although all three products—hemp, marijuana, and hashish—contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a compound that produces psychoactive effects in humans, the variety of cannabis cultivated for hemp has only small amounts of THC relative to that grown for the production of marijuana or hashish. Because hemp s… You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of every newsletter. Hemp as a Fuel And Energy Source. Historically, the seed’s chief commercial use has been for caged-bird feed. Netherlands – conducting a four year study to evaluate and test hemp for paper and is developing processing equipment. The top FIVE uses of Hemp Fibers are: 1. We will never give your details to anyone else without your consent. Its seed is a food product and has medicinal value, along with the root. Hemp grown in Ireland may be used to produce both fibre and seed. Let’s examine some of the kenaf fiber uses. Modern Uses of Industrial Hemp: Stalks Bast Fibre Textiles. When Hemp came on the horizon, many countries saw a plant that was thought to be useful for producing narcotic substances like marijuana and cannabis alone. It is unmatched in durability, resiliency, anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties, making it the most popular fibre for the eco-conscious in the fashion industry. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link at the bottom of every email, or by emailing us at email@example.com. You will shortly receive a welcome email so please check your inbox. Arup designs parklets to help Liverpool's restaurants reopen ... Seiton storage by OEO Studio for Stellar Works. Cordage is an age old use for hemp fiber. Although sometimes pulled up by hand, plants are more often cut off about 2.5 cm (1 inch) above the ground. Substituting hemp fiberboard for timber would further reduce the need to cut down our forests. Georgia-Pacific, a giant in the paper-manufacturing industry, is partnering with a Canadian firm that uses hemp-based fibers for a variety of nonwoven products. Industrial hemp has been used for decades as the main fiber in the production of textiles such as apparel, clothing, rugs, shoes, upholstery and hats. Hemp is usually planted between March and May in the northern hemisphere, between September and November in the southern hemisphere. The Many Uses of Hemp 1. Probably the most widespread plant having psychedelic properties and used in cults is Indian hemp, Cannabis sativa, which grows all... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. According to the creators, the cloth requires 50 per cent less water to grow and produce compared to other fibres. This prevents Hemp garments from stretching out or becoming distorted with use. Thousands of products made from petroleum-based plastics can be produced from hemp-based composites. NRC enzyme-treated fibre. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The bast fiber is longer and stronger than that of its legal cousin, and is typically used for textiles and rope making. There are so many uses for hemp fibers from animal bedding to hempcrete bricks to plastic composites of all sorts! Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Poland – currently grows hemp for fabric and cordage and manufactures hemp particle board. Hemp is called a fibre of hundred uses. The fibre, longer and less flexible than flax, is usually yellowish, greenish, or a dark brown or gray and, because it is not easily bleached to sufficiently light shades, is rarely dyed. Related storyYusuke Seki showcases fragile hemp textiles across banks of metal rods. By Jeremy Briggs. Hemp fibre is one of the strongest and most durable of all natural textile fibers. In Italy some hemp receives special processing, producing whitish colour and attractive lustre, and is used to make fabric similar to linen. Coarse Hemp fibers and yarns are woven into cordage, rope, sacking and heavy –duty tarpaulins. Omissions? Bast fibers can be cleaned, spun and then woven or knitted into many fabrics suitable for durable and comfortable clothing and housewares. A fast growing crop, it has one of the highest rates of CO 2 absorption. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Countries across the world have realized the uses of the wonder fiber called Hemp. Hemp is the most versatile natural resource. Hemp can be used to produce fiberboard that is stronger and lighter than wood. Hemp originated in Central Asia. Chinese fibre 3. In fibre production, maximum yield and quality are obtained by harvesting soon after the plants reach maturity, indicated by the full blossoms and freely shedding pollen of the male plants. "In a crucial time for the environment, the Nerthus-Sofa is emblematic of how ATRA intends to adapt their business and support driving action in the luxury design community.". The rectangular-shaped frames are available in either teak or mahogany wood. "Both companies share a home in California, where the beauty of nature and the effect of climate change are visible and have inspired this collection," ATRA said. Updates? Hemp is used in tapestry, hats, shawls, rugs, posters, and towel. Dezeen Weekly is a curated newsletter that is sent every Thursday, containing highlights from Dezeen. It matures in about three to four months. 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